5 famous names of Bhagwaan Mahavir- the 24th Tirthankara

भगवान महावीर की जन्म जयंती के उपलक्ष्य पर उनके पाँच नामो से संबंधित संदर्भ आप सभी के समक्ष प्रस्तुत किये जा रहे है, कृपया इसे प्रसारित करेँ।।
(1) वीर:- भगवान के जन्मकल्याणक के समय जव सौधर्म इन्द्र को यह शंका होती है, कि इतना छोटा बालक 1008 कलशोँ के जल का प्रवाह कैसे सहेगा? इन्द्र की इस शंका को अवधिज्ञान से जानकर बालक तीर्थँकर ने अपने पैर से सुमेरु पर्वत पर थोडा सा वल लगाया तथा पूरा पर्वत हिल गया, जिससे प्रभावित होकर इन्द्र ने उनका नाम वीर रखा।।
(2)वर्धमान:- तीर्थँकर भगवान के गर्भ अवतरण के पश्चात ही उनके माता पिता के यश एवं वैभव तथा पुरवासियोँ की संपदा मे अभूतपूर्व वृद्धि हुई, जिस कारण उनके माता पिता ने उनका नाम वर्धमान रखा।।
(3) अतिवीर:- एक बार बालक वर्धमान अपने मित्रोँ के साथ उद्यान मे क्रीडा कर रहे थे, तभी एक देव उनके शौर्य का परीक्षण करने भयंकर सर्प का रुप धारण कर उनके मित्रोँ को सताने लगा, यह देख वर्धमान उसे वश मे करने के लिये उद्यत हुए, उनके इस साहस को देख देव उनके सामने नतमस्तक हुआ. इसी प्रकार उन्होने विना किसी शस्त्र के एक पागल हाथी को शांत किया तथा अपनी इस वीरता के कारण अतिवीर नाम से प्रसिद्ध हुए।।
(4) सन्मति:- एक बार संजय एवं विजय नामक दो आकाशगामी मुनि आकाश से गमन कर रहे थे, उन्हे आत्मा के संदर्भ मे कुछ शंका थी जो तीर्थँकर बालक को देखकर स्वतः ही दूर हो गयी! इस प्रकार मति, श्रुत, अवधि ज्ञान के धारी होने के कारण वे सन्मति नाम से जाने गये।।
(5) महावीर:- इन्द्र के मुख से मुनि वर्धमान की प्रशंसा सुन एक देव, रूद्र का रूप वनाकर विभिन्न प्रकार से उन पर उपसर्ग करने लगा, परंतु उनको जरा भी विचलित न होता देख वह देव बहुत प्रवाभित हुआ, तथा उनसे क्षमा याचना कर उनकी स्तुति करने लगा, एवं इस प्रकार वे महावीर नाम से प्रसिद्ध हुए।।

Types of hell -Narak ka swarup

visualization of hell according to jainism

visualization of hell according to jainism

The hells are situated in the seven grounds at the lower part of the universe. The seven grounds are:
Ratna prabha
Sharkara prabha.
Valuka prabha.
Panka prabha.
Dhuma prabha.
Tamaha prabha.
Mahatamaha prabha.
The first ground, owing to a predominance of ratnas or jewels, is called Ratnaprabha. Similarly, the second, owing to a predominance of sarkara or gravel, is called Sarkraprabha. The third owing to a predominance of valuka or sands, is called Valukaprabha. The fourth, owing to an excess of panka or mud, is called Pankaprabha. The fifth, owing to an excess of dhuma or smoke, is called Dhumaprabha. The sixth, owing to a marked possession of tamas or darkness, is called Tamahprabha, while the seventh, owing to a high concentration of mahatamas or dense darkness, is called Mahatamahprabha.[1]
There are 3 million residing places in the first ground, 2.5 million in the second, 1.5 million in the third, 1 million in the fourth, 300,000 in the fifth, ninety five thousand in the sixth, just five thousand in the seventh hell.[2]
[edit]Hellish being

The hellish beings are a type of souls which are residing in these various hells. They are born in hells by sudden manifestation.[3] The hellish beings possess vaikriya body (protean body which can transform itself and take various forms). They have a fixed life span in the respective hells where they reside. The minimum life span of hellish beings in the first to seventh hellish grounds is 10000 years, one sagaropama years (Ocean-measured years which are countless years as per Jain cosmology),[note 1] 3 sagaropama years, 7 sagaropama years, 10 sagaropama years, 17 sagaropama years and 22 sagaropama years respectively. The maximum life span of hellish beings in the first to sixth hellish grounds is one sagaropama years, 3 sagaropama years, 7 sagaropama years, 10 sagaropama years, 17 sagaropama years and 22 sagaropama years respectively. They experience five types of sufferings: bodily pain, inauspicous leśyā or soul colouring and pariṇāma or physical transformation, from the nature and location of hells, pain inflicted on one other and torture inflicted by mansion-dwelling demi-gods.
[edit]Causes of Birth in Hell

In a dialogue between Sudharma Swami and Mahavira in the Jain text Sutrakritanga, Mahavira speaks of various reasons a soul may take birth in hells:[4]
Sudharma Swami: What is the punishment in the hells? Knowing it, O sage, tell it me who do not know it! How do sinners go to hell?
Mahavira: I shall describe the truly insupportable pains where there is distress and (the punishment of) evil deeds. Those cruel sinners who, from a desire of (worldly) life, commit bad deeds, will sink into the dreadful hell which is full of dense darkness and great suffering. He who always kills movable and immovable beings for the sake of his own comfort, who injures them, who takes what is not freely given, who does not learn what is to be practised (viz. control). The impudent sinner, who injures many beings without relenting will go to hell; at the end of his life he will sink to the (place of) darkness; head downwards he comes to the place of torture. The prisoners in hell lose their senses from fright, and do not know in what direction to run. Going to a place like a burning heap of coals on fire, and being burnt they cry horribly; they remain there long, shrieking aloud.
According to Jain scripture, Tattvarthasutra, following are the causes for birth in hell:[5]
Killing or causing pain with intense passion.
Excessive attachment to things and worldly pleasure with constantly indulging in cruel and violent acts.
Vowless and unrestrained life.[6]
[edit]Description of tortures of hell

Torture in Hells: Ratna prabha, Sharkara prabha and Valuka prabha.

Torture in Hells: Panka prabha, Dhuma prabha, Tamaha prabha and Mahatamaha prabha

Tortures in the hells
In a dialogue between Sudharma and Mahavira the Jain text Sutrakritanga, Mahavira describes various tortures and sufferings in hells:[7]
They cross the horrible Vaitarani, being urged on by arrows, and wounded with spears. The punishers pierce them with darts; they go in the boat, losing their memory; others pierce them with long pikes and tridents, and throw them on the ground. Some, round whose neck big stones are tied, are drowned in deep water. Others again roll about in the Kadambavâlukâ (river) or in burning chaff, and are roasted in it. And they come to the great impassable hell, full of agony, called Asûrya (i.e. where the sun does not shine), where there is great darkness, where fires, placed above, below, and all around, are blazing. There, as in a cave, being roasted on the fire, he is burned, having lost the reminiscence (of his sins) and consciousness of everything else; always suffering (he comes) to that miserable hot place that is ever ready (for the punishment of evildoers) There the cruel punishers have lighted four fires, and roast the sinners; they are roasted there like fishes put on the fire alive.
The prisoners in hell come to the dreadful place called Santakshana (i.e. cutting), where the cruel punishers tie their hands and feet, and with axes in their hands cut them like wooden planks. And they turn the writhing victims round, and stew them, like living fishes, in an iron caldron filled with their own blood, their limbs covered with ordure, their heads smashed.
In Hell beings have a life span of innumerable years and are not easily killed even though they endure great torture. Even if they are killed they immediately take birth and are then repeatedly killed. This is described as thus:
They are not reduced to ashes there, and they do not die of their enormous pains; undergoing this punishment, the miserable men suffer for their misdeeds. And there in the place, where there is constant shivering, they resort to a large burning fire; but they find no relief in that place of torture; the tormentors torture them still. There is heard everywhere the noise of painfully uttered cries even as in the street of a town. Those whose bad Karman takes effect (viz. the punishers), violently torment again and again those whose bad Karman takes effect also (viz. the punished).
They deprive the sinner of his life; I shall truly tell you how this is done. The wicked (punishers) remind by (similar) punishment (their victims) of all sins they had committed in a former life. Being killed they are thrown into a hell which is full of boiling filth. There they stay eating filth, and they are eaten by vermin. And there is an always crowded, hot place, which men deserve for their great sins, and which is full of misery. (The punishers) put them in shackles, beat their bodies, and torment them (by perforating) their skulls with drills. They cut off the sinner’s nose with a razor, they cut off both his ears and lips; they pull out his tongue a span’s length and torment (him by piercing it) with sharp pikes. There the sinners dripping (with blood) whine day and night even as the dry leaves of a palm-tree (agitated by the wind). Their blood, matter, and flesh are dropping off while they are roasted, their bodies being besmeared with natron. Have you heard of the large, erected caldron of more than man’s size, full of blood and matter, which is extremely heated by a fresh fire, in which blood and matter are boiling? The sinners are thrown into it and boiled there, while they utter horrid cries of ‘Agony; they are made to drink molten lead and copper when they are thirsty, and they shriek still more horribly. Those evildoers who have here forfeited their souls’ (happiness) for the sake of small (pleasures), and have been born in the lowest births during hundred thousands of million years will stay in this (hell). Their punishment will be adequate to their deeds. The wicked who have committed crimes will atone for them, deprived of all pleasant and lovely objects, by dwelling in the stinking crowded hell, a scene of pain, which is full of flesh.

Description of Jain Flag

Flag of Jains

The flag of Jainism was first mentioned in a holy text dating 5th century BC. It has five colours: White, Red, Orange, Green and Dark Blue (or Black).
It is also believed that the complexion of all the 24 Tirthankaras was of one of these 5 colours. For instance, Chandraprabha and Pushpadanta were white, Munisuvrata and Neminatha were of blue or dark colour, Padmaprabha and Vasupujya were of the Red colour, Suparshvanath and Parshva were green while the remaining were of gold or yellowish colour.

These five colours represent the Pañca-Parameṣṭhi
White represents Arihants (souls who have reached the state of non-attachment towards worldly process). It also denotes peace or non-violence
Red represents Siddha (Souls which attain Salvation i.e. liberated souls) and also Truth.
Orange represents Acharya (Head of Jain Sect)
Green represents Upadhayay [those who teach scriptures to sadhus and sadhvis i.e. Religious Professors within sect]. It also signifies abstinence.
Dark Blue (or Black) represents Sadhus and Sadhvis (Monks & Nuns) and non-possession or aparigrah
There is the swastika in the centre of the flag. It represents the four states of existence of life. The three dots above the swastika represent the Ratnatraya or “three jewels” of Jainism: Samyak darshan “Right Faith”, Samyak Gyan “Right Knowledge”, and Samyak Charitra “Right Conduct”.
Respect for Jain Flag is respect for Pañca-Parameṣṭhi. According to Jainism, respect for Pañca-Parameṣṭhi destroys the sorrow of the four states of existence and finally guides one to the sweet home of infinite bliss and pleasure.

Importance of leshya in jainism

In the Jainism, there is a great deal of importance given to the leshya. A leshya refers to the state of mind. Our activities reflect the state of our mind. The following illustration shows how our activities vary with the state of our mind.

Once there were six friends, who were going on a trip. Along the way, they got lost in a forest. After a while they were hungry and thirsty. They searched for the food for sometime, and finally found a fruit tree.

As they ran to the tree, the first man said, “Let’s cut the tree down and get the fruit.” The second one said, “Don’t cut the whole tree down, cut off a big branch instead.” The third friend said, “Why do we need a big branch? A small branch has enough fruit.” The fourth one said, “We do not need to cut the branches, let us just climb up and get the bunches of the fruit.” The fifth man said, “Why pick those many fruit and waste them, instead just pick the fruit that we need to eat.” The sixth friend said quietly, “There are plenty of good fruit on the ground, so let’s just eat them first.”

You can see that the states of minds of these six friends caused a range of thoughts that begin with the destruction of the entire tree and ended with the picking up of the fruits on the ground. The six friends’ minds represent six types of leshyas.

The first friend’s state of mind represents krishna (black) leshya.

The second friend’s state of mind represents neel (blue) leshya.

The third friend’s state of mind represents kapot (brown) leshya.

The fourth friend’s state of mind represents tejo (red) leshya.

The fifth friend’s state of mind represents padma (yellow) leshya.

The sixth friend’s state of mind represents shukla (white) leshya.

The first leshya is the worst and the sixth leshya is the best. The first three leshyas lead the soul to ruin, and the last three lead the soul to the spiritual prosperity. We know that our minds run into different states all the times for the better or for the worst. Therefore, we should strive for the white leshya, and not the red leshya. The story of King Prasenjit, who lived during Lord Mahavira’s time, illustrates how fast the surrounding can effect our mind and in turn our leshyas as well as our spiritual progress.

One day, King Shrenik was on his way to pay homage to Lord Mahavira, and he saw a sage who was meditating and had a bright glow around him. He bowed down to

the sage and continued on his way. After reaching Lord Mahavira, King Shrenik asked the Lord, “Oh Lord, I saw a brilliant sage who was engaged in the meditation. If he died at that moment, what would be his destiny?”

The Lord replied, “He would have been hurled down to the seventh hell-region.”

The king was much astonished to hear this reply from the Lord. He thought,

“Why would such a sage go to hell? Perhaps the Lord might have misunderstood

me.” He asked the Lord again, “Oh Lord, if his soul leaves this body just now, where will it go?”

The Lord replied, “He will be an angel in the Sarvarthasiddhi, a heavenly region.”

The king was much surprised at this reply, too. He thought, “The Lord first said he would attain the seventh hell, and now he says that the sage would be an angel.” The king was perplexed. At that very moment, drums began sounding in the sky and voices of ‘victory’ were proclaimed. The king asked the Lord, “What is the cause of these sounds?”

The Lord said, “Oh, king, the sage about whom you were inquiring has acquired

omniscience and so the angels are beating the drums and proclaiming the ‘Victory’.”

The king was extremely confused by these answers and requested for the explanations.

So Lord Mahavira explained, “Oh king, right before you approached the sage, two soldiers leading your procession diverted his mind by their conversation that his son was betrayed by his entrusted ministers and they were planning to overthrow his son and even kill him. His meditation was disturbed due to rising of the affection for his son. He was inflamed with rage, and he lost his mental equanimity. Therefore, he started mentally to fight against his ministers. He very violently discharged his weapons one after the other against his ministers. Soon his weapons were exhausted and his foes were not destroyed. So, he thought of throwing his steel helmet against them in order to destroy them. If he would have died at that moment, he would have gone to the 7th hell. Now as he reached for the steel helmet, he realized that he was not the King Prasenjit, but that he was a sage. His anger calmed down immediately. He remembered that he has been initiated into the vow of equanimity and of non-violence to all living beings mentally, verbally, and physically. He deeply regretted and repented for the breach of his vow and indulgence in the acute anger. He further thought that he ought to have maintained love for all the creatures of the world, ought to have no malice for the ministers, and no attachment for his son. He severely condemned his mental act. He despised it and withdrew himself from such a feat of anger and malice. Oh king, when he thought this way, you asked me the next question and I replied that he would be born in the Sarvarthasiddhi (heaven) as an angel. Even thereafter, he continued the purification of his mental reflections and gradually he reached the stage of ‘Kshapaka’, where he annihilated all of his ghati karmas, and attained omniscience.”

King Shrenik’s doubts were resolved and he learned how mental reflections can fluctuate. He, also learned that not only can physical acts or verbal abuses have such devastating effects, but so can mental acts. We, too, must learn from this episode. Let us understand how a person with the different leshyas behaves and what are the outcome of such leshyas.

Krishna (Black) Leshya: The people in this state of mind do not show any compassion or mercy. Everyone is afraid of them as their anger turns into the violence. They always burn with jealousy and have ill-will for everyone. They are filled with animosity and malice, and do not believe in the religion. This state of mind is the worst and most dangerous. If anyone dies in this state of mind, he will to hell.

Neel (Blue) Leshya: The people in this state of mind are proud, haughty, and lazy. They are unreliable and other people avoid their company. They are cheaters, cowards, and hypocrites. Such people also avoid the religious discourses. If anyone dies in this state of mind, he gets reborn as a plant.

Kapot (Brown) Leshya: The people in this state of mind always remain sad and gloomy. They find faults in others and are vindictive. They boast about themselves, become excited over small matters, and lack mental balance. If anyone dies in this state of mind, he gets reborn as a bird or an animal.

Tejo (Red) Leshya: People in this state of mind are very careful about their actions and discriminate between good and evil. They know the difference between what is right and what is wrong. They are kind, benevolent, religious, and lead a harmonious life. If anyone dies in this state of mind, may get reborn as a human being.

Padma (Yellow) Leshya: People in this state of mind are kind and benevolent and forgive everyone, even their enemies. They observe some austerities and are vigilant in keeping their vows till their last breath. They remain unaffected by joys and sorrows. If anyone dies in this leshya, he gets reborn in heaven as a celestial being.

Shukla (White) Leshya: There are two levels of this leshyas. The People in this state of mind strictly observe the principles of non-violence, truth, non-stealing, celibacy, and non-attachment. They are trustworthy, treat every soul as if it was their own soul, and do not have any ill feelings even for their enemies. They remain calm even if someone abuses them. If anyone dies in this state of mind, he gets reborn as a human being or an angel. The people who have perfected this state of mind where there is no more attachment or hatred and treat everyone alike. They do not become happy or sad. Their state of mind is the purest. If anyone dies in this perfected state of mind, he or she will be liberated from the cycle of birth and death.

KRISHNAGIRI

KRISHNAGIRI KRISHNAGIRI
Jain dharma consists of 24 theerthankars.In these 24 theerthankars the 23rd theerthankar is considered to be Swami Parshwanath bhagwan. Hence the concept of Shakthipeet basically concentrates on the worship (Mathr upasana or aradhana) of Swami Parshwanath bhagwan. Jain dharma gives importance or prominence to athma sadhana or the inner search (knowing the once true self). Pooja and Bhakthi are just mediums to realize one self and Krishnagiri thirth motive is to make one realize his/her self. Hence the entire motive of Krishnagiri is to project itself to the world as a center or platform for peace and harmony.

Today Shaktipeet is the world’s highest Jain temple adorning images of the Tirthankar Arihanta Paramatmans

Some special features of this unique temple are:

  • First ever highest (365 ft high) Jain temple in the world.
  • Four beautiful images of the 23rd Tirthankar Lord Parshwanatha, each 23 ft high will be installed.
  • Four images of the Moolnayak Lord Parshwanatha Prabhu-two white and two black.
  • Four-faced magnificent images, along with the splendid view of the Samavasharana ( the holy assembly of a Tirthankar).
  • 8 attending deities each 17ft height to be installed.
  • 51 ft high replica of Ashoka tree.
  • Halo (Bhamandal), divine umbrellas (tri-chatra), holy trumphets (deva-dundhubhi) and other unique symbols (pratiharyas).

1008 beautiful and magnificent images of the Tirthankar Lords will be installed .
415 ft high central hall i.e., rangmandap exhibiting supernatural and divine powers.
Out of the world art, architecture, sculpture of this temple will make you forget the beauty of the famous Delwada and Ranakpur temples of Rajasthan

The Shri Mahalakshmi Temple of Kolhapur in Maharashtra, India, is one of the Shakti Peethas listed in various puranas of Hinduism. According to these writings, a Shakti Peetha is a place associated with Shakti, the goddess of power. The Kolhapur Shakti Peetha is of special religious significance being one of the six places where it is believed that one can either obtain salvation from desires or h…ave them fulfilled. The temple takes its name from Mahalakshmi, the consort of Vishnu, and it is believed that the divine couple reside in the area.
The temple belongs architecturally to the Kannada Chalukya empire and may have been first built in circa 700 AD. Mounted on a stone platform, the image of the four armed and crowned goddess is made of gemstone and weighs about 40 kilograms. The image of Mahalakshmi carved in black stone is 3 feet in height. The Shri Yantra is carved on one of the walls in the temple. A stone lion, the vahana of the goddess, stands behind the statue. The crown contains an image of the Sheshnag — the serpent of Vishnu. In Her four hands, the deity of Mahalakshmi holds objects of symbolic value. The lower right hand holds a mhalunga (a citrus fruit), in the upper right, a large mace (kaumodaki) with its head touching the ground, in the upper left a shield (khetaka), and in the lower left, a bowl (panpatra). Unlike most Hindu sacred images, which face north or east, the image of this deity looks west (Pashchim). There is a small open window on the western wall, through which the light of the setting sun falls on the face of the image for three days around the 21st of each March and September. There are a number of other shrines in the courtyard to the Navagrahas, Surya, Mahishasuramardini, Vitthal-Rakhmai, Shiva, Vishnu, Tulja Bhavani and others. Some of these images date back to the 11th century, while some are of recent origin. Also located in the courtyard is the temple tank Manikarnika Kund, on whose bank is a shrine to Visweshwar Mahadev.
Worship Structure: Five worship services are offered each day. The first one is at 5 am, and it involves the waking of the deity with a Kakada – torch, to the accompaniment of hymns. The second worship service at 8 am involves the offeirng of the Shodashopachara pooja consisting of 16 elements. The afternoon and evening services and the Shejaarati pooja constitute the three other services.
Special Events: A festival image of the deity is taken out in procession around the temple courtyard each Friday, and on full moon days.

Contents [hide]
1 Significance
1.1 Kirnotsav Celebrations
2 Festival
3 History
4 Location
5 External links
[edit]Significance

Mahalakshmi Temple, Kolhapur.
It is said that both Shri Lakshmi and Shri Vishnu reside in the Karveer area eternally and shall not leave even at the time of Mahaprayakala. This region is therefore also referred to as an avimuktakshetra. Karveer region is eternally blessed and is believed to be held by Mother Jagdambe in her right hand, and so this region is protected from all destruction. Lord Vishnu himself adores this region more than Vaikiuntha or the Kshirsagar since it is the home of his consort Lakshmi. According to popular legends, Mahalakshmi left Vaikuntha and arrived at Kolhapur on hearing that Lord Venkatesh (Vishnu) her beloved husband failed to take action against sage Bhrigu for his horrific behaviour towards him. An angry Mahalakshmi is said to have observed strict penance in Kolhapur for several years until upon hearing the news of her husband being married to Tirumala Padmavati, another avatar of Mahalaskhmi. The greatness of this region has therefore attracted many sages and devotees, the blessings and affections showered by this region on its devotees are immeasurable. It is believed that Prabhu Shri Dattatreya still comes here every noon to seek alms.
The statue of the Goddess Mahalakshmi is made of gemstone and is considered to be at least 5000 to 6000 years old. It weighs about 40 kilos. The precious stones that adorn the deity indicate the antiquity of the idol. The platform of the Goddess Mahalakshmi is made of stone. The statue of the Goddess has four arms. In the lower right hand she holds the matulinga, (a fruit similar to and ordinary lemon but much larger in size). In the upper right hand she holds large mace, kaumodaks, its head touching the ground. In the upper left hand she holds the shield or khetaka, and while in the lower one she holds a bowl, panpatra.
On the crown of the Goddess Mahalakshmi are a cobra-hood and a Shiva-ling with a Yoni around it. Standing behind is the Goddess’ vahana-a lion. Almost all the idols of the God face the north or the east directions, whereas here the Idol faces the west. The small window on the western wall which is open. Once a year, the rays of the Sun during sunset falls on the face of the image through this window. This period lasts for three days, each time, the 21st, of the months of March and September. This period is considered extremely auspicious, the Devotees throng the temple on all the three evenings the temple for a glimpse of the beautiful image bathing in the golden rays of the setting sun.
[edit]Kirnotsav Celebrations
Kirnotsav in Mahalakshmi Temple Kolhapur (festival of Sun rays) is celebrated when the sun rays fall directly on the deity’s Mahalakshmi idol at the time of sunset on the following days :
31 January & 9 November : Sun rays fall directly on the feet of the deity. 1 February & 10 November : Sun rays fall directly on the chest of the deity. 2 February & 11 November : Sun rays fall directly on the entire body of the deity.
[edit]Festival

It is not surprising that even the rays of a setting sun pay homage to Goddess Mahalakshmi as the life of human being revolves around illumination and prosperity. But it is the wonder of wise architects who built the temple of Mahalakshmi at kolhapur that the rays of the setting Sun, bow at the feet of the Goddess through a window, for a while before vanishing. This special event is celebrated by thousands of people as ‘KiranUtsav’. Every year this festival is celebrated on the following days at evening: 31 January 1 February 2 February 9 November 10 November 11 November
It is said that Sun god gives respect to Mahalaxmi for three days in a year. This will be on the occasion of RathaSaptami (which will be somewhere in January every year). This will be for 3 days. The first day, ray falls on the feet, on second day, on the middle portion of the deity and on the third day on the face. Its the architect’s excellence, which is been done more than 1000years ago, can still be observed. Later during the time of Peshwas, the temple was repaired. Though, many invasions over this part of India has caused some damages of the beautiful idols, which are all around the temple.
[edit]History

The city is referred to in many Puranas, 500 years back. Research guesses that it was in existence in the times of Parashuram. The time is.considered parallel to that of Mata peeth (Mahurgad), Sapta Shringi (Nasik) and Bhavani Peetha, in the Ramayana times. Karveer washes off great sins. There are many ancient, rich temples, holy places and gardens.
There is evidence to show that the Konkan king Kamadeo, Chalukya, Shilahar, Yadav dynasties visited this city. Adya Shankaracharya also visited. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj & Sambhaji reigned. The idol of Mahalaxmi is made of jewel – stone, approximately weighing 40 kg. The size is like Salunki. Sand & diamond are found in it. It stands on a stony stage with a lion behind it. In the middle there is natural lotus. It is four-handed, having Vetak, shield, Mhalung & Water-Pot. There is crown on the head and a snake holds shade.
In 109 A. D. Karnadeo cut off the jungle and brought the temple to light. The existence goes back to 8 th century, according to Dr. Bhandarkar & Mr. Khare. In the 8 th century, the temple sank down due to earth­quake. In the 9 th century Gandavadix (King) extended the temple by building Mahakali Mandir. During 1178 -1209, in the reigo of Raja Jaysing & Sindhava, South gate & Atibaleshwar Temple were built. In 1218 Yadav king Tolum built Mahadwar, and offered jewels to Devi. Further, Shilahar built Maha Sarasvati Mandir. He being a gain, got 64 idols carved. It is possible that new idol called Padmavati was installed at that time. Further, in Chalukya times, Ganapati before the temple was installed. It seems that the original temple was of the Hindus. In the 13 th century, Shankaracharya built Nagar Khana & Office, Deepmalas.
During 1712 – 1792 (Sambhaje Reign) Narhar Bhat Shastree had a dream which he told to Sambhajee. In the Mogal reign, the worshippers had hidden the idol for protection. Believing Sangavakar’s dream, Sambhajee started a search. This idol was found in a house in Kapil Teerth Market. According to Sambhaji’s letter dated 8 Nov. 1723, Sindhoji Hindurao Ghorpade of Panhala installed the idol again on 26 Sept. 1712 (Monday, Ashwin Vijiya Dashami). The number of devotees grew, and in due course of time, the Devi became the Deity of Maharashtra. The idol began to denude due to Abhishekas. So Sankeshwar Shankaracharya got it repaired. After Vajralep & sacrifices, it was again installed at the hands of Kolhapur Shahajee Raje in 1954.In 1960, there was transformation under the supervision of Mr. Lohiya. As a result, the premises seemed extensive. There are 5 main temples and 7 Deepamalas now. Around are 35 small – big temples and 20 shops. There are 5 Hemad-style tops. Adjoining is Garud Mandap, built by Mr. Harshe.
[edit]Location

The Shri Mahalakshmi Temple is situated in the city Kolhapur in Maharashtra. Kolhapur is an important and significant city lying in the ancient Karveer region which is a treasure trove of ancient religious monuments in Western Maharashtra. Kolhapur is well connected by rail and road with the major cities of India. Trains ply between Kolhapur and Mumbai, Bangalore, New Delhi and other important cities of Maharashtra like Pune,Sangli, Miraj. The city is also well connected by a road network. Within the city public transport is conveniently available

Jain Temple in Pakistan build by Goricho in 300 AD

Jain Temple in Pakistan build by Goricho in 300 AD

Situated between Islamkot and Nangarparkar, Gori jo Mandir is shrouded in mystery. Even its original name lost in antiquity, having change many times in the course of the centuries. With no written history of the temple having survived, the only story as to its origin is a legend that it was build by Goricho, a Jain worshiper in 300 AD.

This legend is supported by historian Richard Rathore,who in his book Old Tharparker, writes that this temple was build by Goricho, a saint of the Jain religion and follower of Mahavira (599-527 BC). Build with intricately carved stones, the building has 52 steeples and several small rooms, some of which can accommodate only one solitary worshiper.

While the purpose of the temple was undoubtedly religious, politics may have played part in its downfall,”The British military destroyed some part of this temple because they found out that conspiracies against British rule were being hatched hear”,writes Rathore.

Gori jo Mandar makes an immediate impression on those intrepid visitors willing to travel to this lonely spot. Constructed from marble, probably brought in from Gujarat. According to Professor Altaf Aseem, former head of department of Aacheology at Khairpur’s Shah Abdul Latif University, the main architectural feature of this temple was its 54 beautifully built domes, which no longer exist.

‎15 SPECTACULAR TRICKS FOR YOUR BODY

‎15 SPECTACULAR TRICKS FOR YOUR BODY !!! (worth reading)

1) If you’ve got an itch in your throat, scratch your ear. When the
nerves in the ear get stimulated, they create a reflex in the throat
that causes a muscle spasm, which cures the itch.

2) Having trouble hearing someone at a party or on the phone?
Use your right ear it’s better at picking up rapid speech. But, the left is better at picking up music tones.

3) If you need to relieve yourself BADLY, but you’re not anywhere near a bathroom, fantasize about RELATIONS. That preoccupies your brain and distracts it.

4) Next time the doctor’s going to give you an injection, COUGH as the needle is going in. The cough raises the level of pressure in your spinal canal, which limits the pain sensation as it tries to travel to your brain.

5) Clear a stuffed nose or relieve sinus pressure by pushing your tongue against the roof of your mouth then pressing a finger between your eyebrows. Repeat that for 20 seconds it causes the vomer bone to rock, which loosens your congestion and clears you up.

6) If you ate a big meal and you’re feeling full as you go to sleep, lay on your left side. That’ll keep you from suffering from acid reflux it keeps your stomach lower than your esophagus, which will helps keep stomach acid from sliding up your throat.

7) You can stop a toothache by rubbing ice on the back of your hand, on the webbed area between your thumb and index finger. The nerve pathways there stimulate a part of the brain that blocks pain signals from your mouth.

8) If you get all messed up on liquor, and the room starts spinning, put your hand on something stable. The reason: Alcohol dilutes the blood in the part of your ear called the cupula, which regulates balance. Putting your hand on something stable gives your brain another reference point, which will help make the world stop spinning.

9) Stop a nose bleed by putting some cotton on your upper gums right behind the small dent below your nose and press against it hard. Most of the bleeding comes from the cartilage wall that divides the nose, so pressing there helps get it to stop.

10) Nervous? Slow your heart rate down by blowing on your thumb. The vagus nerve controls your heart rate, and you can calm it down by breathing.

11) Need to breathe underwater for a while? Instead of taking a huge breath, HYPERVENTILATE before you go under, by taking a bunch of short breaths. That’ll trick your brain into thinking it has more oxygen, and buy you about 10 extra seconds.

12) You can prevent BRAIN FREEZE by pressing your tongue flat against the roof of your mouth, covering as much surface area as possible. Brain freeze happens because the nerves in the roof of your mouth get extremely cold, so your brain thinks your whole body is cold. It compensates by overheating which causes your head to hurt. By warming up the roof of your mouth, you’ll chill your brain and feel better.

13) If your hand falls asleep, rock your head from side to side. That’ll wake your hand or arm up in less than a minute. Your hand falls asleep because of the nerves in your neck compressing so loosening your neck is the cure. If your foot falls asleep, that’s governed by nerves lower in the body, so you need to stand up and walk around.

14) Finally, this one’s totally USELESS, but a nice trick. Have someone stick their arm out to the side, straight, palm down. Press down on his wrist with two fingers. He’ll resist, and his arm will stay horizontal. Then, have him put his foot on a surface that’s half an inch off the ground, like a stack of magazines, and do the trick again. Because his spine position is thrown off, his arm will fall right to his side, no matter how much he tries to resist.

15) Got the hiccups? Press thumb and second finger over your eyebrows until the hiccups are over – usually, in a short while.

Liberation moment of Lord Mahavir

At time of Liberation of Lord, Kings of 18 places were present & as attainment of Liberation of Lord marked dawn of Light of Knowledge from World, Dipak’s were lighted up to glow up the place. From that time lighting of Dipak was done on Liberation day of Lord & festival was initially named as Dipotsavi which got famous as Deepavali too all across. All Indra dev’s reached Apapapuri (now known as Pawapuri) to celebrate MOKSH KALYANAK of Lord Mahavir. To perform final rites, Dev’s prepared everything & Lord’s body was bathed from holy water. Finally as the procession started towards the place for last rites, everyone were in tears & full of sad feeling. Shibika in which Lord was kept seated was carried by Dev’s & reached to final destination with lacs & lacs of people following it. Final rites were done by Dev’s & after final rites Asthi’s were taken off by Dev’s. Before attaining NIRVAAN, Lord had handed over discipline of entire chaturvidh sangh & all sadhu sadhvi bhagvant’s to SUDHARMA SWAMI.

भगवान महावीर निर्वाण दिवस की बधाई व हार्दिक शुभकामनाये

भगवान महावीर निर्वाण दिवस की बधाई व हार्दिक शुभकामनाये**
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जैन धर्म में दीपावली के दिन अंतिम तीर्थंकर भगवान महावीर प्रातःकाल निर्वाण की प्राप्ति और उनके प्रमुख शिष्य गौतम गणधर को संध्या के समय परम बोधि कैवल्यज्ञान की प्राप्ति हुई। ज्ञान ज्योति का प्रतीक है जो स्वयं भी प्रकाशित होता है और दूसरों को भी प्रकाशित करता है। उसी के प्रतीक स्वरूप दीपावली पर्व मनाया जाता है।
भगवान महावीर को मोक्ष लक्ष्मी की प्राप्ति हुई और गौतम गणधर को कैवल्यज्ञान की सरस्वती की प्राप्ति हुई, इसलिए लक्ष्मी-सरस्वती का पूजन इस दिन की जाती है।
जैन धर्म में लक्ष्मी का अर्थ होता है निर्वाण और सरस्वती का अर्थ होता है कैवल्यज्ञान, इसलिए प्रातःकाल जैन मंदिरों में भगवान महावीर स्वामी का निर्वाण उत्सव मनाते समय भगवान की पूजा में लड्डू चढ़ाए जाते हैं।
लड्डू गोल होता है, मीठा होता है, सबको प्रिय होता है। गोल होने का अर्थ होता है जिसका न आरंभ है न अंत है। अखंड लड्डू की तरह हमारी आत्मा होती है जिसका न आरंभ होता है और न ही अंत। लड्डू बनाते समय बूँदी को कड़ाही में तपना पड़ता है और तपने के बाद उन्हें चाशनी में डाला जाता है। उसी प्रकार अखंड आत्मा को भी तपश्चरण की आग में तपना पड़ता है तभी मोक्षरूपी चाशनी की मधुरता मिलती है। उसी दिन यह आत्मा जगत को प्रिय लगने लगती है।
दीपावली दीपों का त्योहार है, धुएँ का नहीं। अमावस्या की अँधेरी रात में भगवान महावीर ने आत्मज्ञान की ज्योति जलाकर सारे जगत को रोशन कर दिया। हम भी उनसे प्रेरणा लेकर अँधेरों को रोशन करने का प्रयास करें। लोगों को मिठाइयाँ तो बहुत बाँटी, पर अब दुखी के आँसू पोंछकर खुशियाँ मनाएँ। द्वेष और दुश्मनी से दूसरों को बहुत जीत लिया, प्रेम और साधना से अपने आपको जीतो, दूसरों को जीतने वाला वीर होता है और अपने आपको जीतने वाला महावीर होता है।
दीपावली मनाएँ पर किसी का दीप न बुझे, किसी का घर न जले। तभी सार्थक होगी दीपावली। आपकी आतिशबाजी का जोरदार धमाका पशु-पक्षियों और जानवरों की नींद ही हराम नहीं करता, बल्कि उन्हें भयभीत कर अंधा, बहरा करके मौत के मुँह में भी डालता है। विषैला और जहरीला यह बारूद का धुआँ वातावरण को प्रदूषित कर स्वास्थ्य और पर्यावरण का नाश करता है।
दीपावली पर मंत्र जाप करें, साधना करें, सिद्धि करें, प्रभु का स्मरण करें। लाल वस्त्र पहनकर, लाल आसन पर, लाल माला से रात्रि 12 बजे से अपने आराध्य, अपने इष्ट के नाम से माला जपें क्योंकि इस शुभ नक्षत्र से मंत्रों में दैवीय शक्ति प्रकट होती है जो हमें विघ्न बाधाओं, आपदाओं व प्रतिकूलताओं से बचाती है।